This type of introductory phrase offers a little more detail about the way in which something is happening or the reason for which it is happening. 4) I hope this finds you well. However, like all aspects of the English language, there are a few exceptions. Examples of introductory in a sentence, how to use it. There are several different types of introductory phrases, and there are specific rules for using these correctly. . An introductory adverbial phrase is often set off by a comma but need not be unless misreading is likely. Introduction section should provide the reader with a brief overview of your topic and the reasons for conducting research. Use introductory infinitive phrases to describe the purpose of the main verb in your sentence. 2) I hope you are doing well. It’s a pleasure to meet you. All Rights Reserved, Introductory phrase horse galloping quickly. "To Judy, he gave a gold bracelet." If none of these phrases fits, “on the other hand” is probably wrong, too. Take a look at how some writers approached their essays and analyze why they work so well. An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. It sets the stage for the main clause, allowing the reader to understand the context of what is happening. Having seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation. Introductory phrases set the stage for the rest of your sentence, giving the reader valuable information about what is happening and why. Identify the introductory parts of theseIdentify the introductory parts of these sentences as either phrases or clauses:sentences as either phrases or clauses: 1.1. (Some writing and editing guides suggest that short introductory phrases don’t require commas; often, such brief modifying phrases involve time: “Yesterday I saw a ghost,” for example, or “In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue.” I recommend, though, use of commas in such cases. The prepositional phrase adds information to the main clause, often about a location or timing. . How to use introductory in a sentence. After the welcome address and the introduction of the speaker comes the presentation of the topic. Like an infinitive phrase, it may have a direct object. . An absolute phrase includes a subject and information about it but not a verb. They introduce something. A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and includes the preposition's object. These can also be good alternative options in cases where “On the other hand” feels too informal or has been overused. Here are some examples of sentences with introductory prepositional phrases: "After work, I like to go out for dinner." ###”Also” Using “also” as an introductory clause can sound colloquial or make it seem as though the following sentence is an afterthought. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, How to Start Sentences With Adjective Phrases. In the sentence, "With the trees already growing back, the field was returning to nature," "with the trees already growing back" is an introductory … Some style guides allow for short introductory phrases to precede the independent clause of a sentence without a comma if … It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. An infinitive phrase begins with the word “to” and includes a verb. I’d like to introduce you to… Nice to meet you. If it does, it’s called an introductory clause. Consider whether the phrase adds important clarifying information about the subject. After getting stung by a bee, Janice criedAfter getting stung by a bee, Janice cried for . You can use this as an introductory phrase, giving the reader more information about the subject of the sentence or another noun. In an introductory prepositional phrase, the sentence starts with a preposition and a few words that follow it. Need help getting that email started? Example sentences with the word introductory. Appositive phrases usually come after the nouns they describe, but they may come before it, as they do when they are introductory phrases. (Participial phrase) Correct: To raise enough money in time, Mary had to issue stock in her business. "After work" is an adverb phrase telling when. Shorter adverbial phrases are less likely to merit a comma than longer ones. Absolute phrases can be placed anywhere in a sentence. The Purdue Owl also advises that the comma after some introductory elements, such as “a brief prepositional phrase,” may be left out. As you can see, there are many ways you can build on these phrases to paint a bigger, better and more descriptive picture of … The phrases are usually set off with a comma. The word "to" followed by the base form of a verb is called an infinitive, and it is used to talk about the verb in the abstract, not connected with a subject. X agrees that . Mary had seen the movie twice already. Use introductory phrases to tell the reader what the author thinks or does in their text. “You ate fish.” More complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to add additional information about what is described. . When you see a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence, this signals an introductory phrase, and you know a comma is coming at the end of that subordinate phrase, as illustrated in these examples: Because his favorite team lost the Super Bowl, he … An introductory absolute phrase requires a comma to set it off from the main clause, as you can see in these examples: An appositive phrase offers an alternative description of a noun in the sentence. A complete sentence has a subject and predicate, and can often be composed of more than one clause. Like an infinitive phrase, always set this introductory phrase off with a comma: An absolute phrase also adds information to the main clause, providing context for the reader to interpret the rest of the sentence. You can see how this works in this introductory phrase example: Galloping quickly, the horse reached the other side of the pasture in less than a minute. Stacked introductory phrases and dependent clauses also need commas: The next day,↑to avoid another argument,↑they arrived at the bus stop early. Absolute Phrases. Learn when and where to use a comma after an introductory phrase and how to make your writing stand out with just the right words. Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation. Introductory phrases and clauses. "Next door" is an adverb phrase telling where. To use it properly, you need to use a comma after the introductory prepositional phrase to set it apart from the rest of the sentence if the phrase is longer than four words. . This is because you pause after the introductory phrase when you say the sentence aloud. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. Don't miss our introductor Introduction section comes after the abstract. X claims that . This introductory offer is for three days only. 3) I hope you had a great weekend. There are five common types of introductory phrases, and it’s important to understand how to use each one correctly. According to Marks and Peters . . My name’s… [your name] This is… I’d like you to meet… Have you met… ? You should put a comma after an introductory clause or phrase: Though the agency had studied this issue before, it went ahead with another study. . Introductory Phrases. They are used as background information, extra information. Introductory phrases and clauses pretty much do what they say do. Participles are verbs ending in "-ing" or "-ed" that act as adjectives, and participial phrases are composed of participles and the other words that describe the participle's action. A phrase that starts with a preposition and comes at the beginning of a sentence. It may have a subject or a … . Simply put, an introductory phrase is a group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentence. I just wanted to introduce myself. 2.2. The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers . We like to think of it as setting the stage for the rest of the sentence. No comma is necessary because the introductory phrase is only three words. It has all the pieces of an independent clause except the verb "to be." What Is an Introductory Phrase? (Introductory dependent clause.) Clauses, phrases or words that come at the beginning of the sentence. When you use an introductory phrase in your writing, you’re signaling to the reader that the central message of the sentence is yet to come. introductory example sentences. Forgetting the introductory remarks really mortified me. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn't have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. In the sentence, "Running like the wind, Sasha began to gain on him," "running like the wind" describes Sasha. Sometimes, these introductory phrases start with “the” instead of “a” or “an.” If the phrase does provide important clarifying information, don’t use a comma. After researching the issue, the committee settled the dispute before the media even noticed. Because she had seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation (to the movie). An absolute phrase includes a subject and information about it but not a verb. 141+5 sentence examples: 1. You should always use a comma after an introductory infinitive phrase, as you can see in these examples: A participial phrase is another form of verb phrase. In the sentence, "To keep the dog, you must prove you can take care of it," "to keep the dog" is an infinitive phrase. Participle phrases are different from gerund phrases in that participles act as adjectives and gerunds act as nouns. Learn more about comma usage rules to become a confident writer. Which one of the following is the best definition of an introductory prepositional phrase? Absolute Phrases. The rain finally over, we left the shelter of the trees and walked on. These worksheets provide practice writing sentences with introductory phrases. It may have a subject or a verb, but it can’t have both. . And you. "As a lifelong crabber (that is, one who catches crabs, not a chronic complainer), I can tell you that anyone who has patience and a great love for the river is qualified to join the ranks of crabbers. Common introductory phrases include prepositional phrases, appositive phrases, participial phrases, infinitive phrases, and absolute phrases. Use introductory appositive phrases to give relevant information about the subject of a sentence, not irrelevant information. Simply put, an introductory phrase is a group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentence. Likewise. In the sentence, "With the trees already growing back, the field was returning to nature," "with the trees already growing back" is an introductory absolute phrase. Introductory infinitive phrases act as adverbs. It is correct to use a comma and also correct to leave it out, as you can see in the example below: Using an introductory infinitive phrase also provides information to the reader, often about why something is happening. These phrases also provide location and other helpful information. If the phrase is a nice addition to the sentence but is not necessary for clarity, you should use a comma: However, if the introductory appositive phrase is necessary to the sentence, you should not use a comma. It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. It can act as a noun, adjective or adverb. “The other day, I met an old friend.” When writing a sentence, sometimes you may wish to set the scene for your statement by using an introductory phrase. 20 Sentences and Phrases for Beginning an Email. Gerunds are not commonly used as introductory phrases, but participles are. The sentence makes sense with out the clause, phrase or words. She graduated from Syracuse University in 2007 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater. Regarding word count, introduction typically occupies 10-15% of your paper. Use a comma after an absolute phrase at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the sentence. Published on May 1, 2015. The introduction is a perfect place to set the scene and make a good first impression. So there you have it, 30 phrases you can use to make an impressive introduction to business contacts and potential clients, whether in person or in a formal presentation. An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. Commas are placed after the introductory clause, phase or words. Knowing the five types of introductory phrases and what purpose each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences with introductory phrases. Simply speaking, they build a stage for the rest of the sentence. If I were you, I would research the case thoroughly. Use introductory infinitive phrases to describe the purpose of the main verb in your sentence. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn’t have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. Consider using the following after you have given the author's name (and the year or notation): X states that . 4. Here are 20 phrases you can use: 1) Thank you for your message/email/phone call. They contain supporting or descriptive information about the rest of the sentence's subject, main idea or main action. X asserts that . What Is the Difference Between Parts of Speech & Parts of a Sentence? Improving writing with introductory phrases We can add introductory phrases at the start of sentences to provide additional information before the main clause. In the sentence, "A great composer, Wagner wrote famous operas," "a great composer" is an appositive phrase describing Wagner. "Next door, the woman screamed." Use them as introductory phrases to give more information about the circumstances in the main clause. Each type serves a distinct purpose within the sentence. Introductory phrases. (Introductory dependent clause.) #1 and #2 are used to introdu Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. . Mitchell also regularly edits websites, business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts. . Stephanie Mitchell is a professional writer who has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors. As introductory phrases, they usually modify the subject of the sentence. Here are some useful introductory phrases.Today I am here to talk to you about…What I am going to talk about today is…I would like to take this opportunity to talk to you about…I am delighted to be here today to tell you about…I want to make you a short presentation about…I’d like to give you a brief breakdown of… Introductory phrases also set the stage for the main action of the sentence, but they are not complete clauses. Introductory Participial and Infinitive Phrases Use a comma to separate introductory participial phrases and infinitive phrases used as modifiers. It has all the pieces of an independent clause except the verb "to be." As long as it has a subject and a predicate, a group of words can form a sentence, no matter how short. You can see the proper punctuation in these examples: If an introductory prepositional phrase is made up of fewer than five words and does not require a pause, the comma is optional. 99 examples: Similar examples of "incoherence" appear throughout the introductory stanzas… It may also include a direct object of the verb. However, if the introductory phrase is aHowever, if the introductory phrase is a longer prepositional phrase, or if a commalonger prepositional phrase, or if a comma will make the sentence clearer, use awill make the sentence clearer, use a comma Examples of introductory phrases in sentences. 3. Correct: Looking for help, the man fell on his knees to beg. Introductory Prepositional Phrases An introductory prepositional phrase is a prepositional phrase that comes at the beginning of a sentence. (The infinitive phrase is used as a modifier) Before he lit the candles, he made sureBefore he lit the candles, he made sure his fire extinguisher was close at hand.his fire extinguisher was close at hand. . Introductory Phrase: Example: stating information that is not “common knowledge” [use relevant style guide’s in-text citation format] As [Author] indicated/ stated/ discovered; According to [Author], As Smith indicated in a 2010 study . In a well-constructed first paragraph, that first sentence leads into three or four sentences that provide details about the subject you address in the body of your essay. An appositive phrase is a noun phrase that describes another noun. . QUIZ TIME!QUIZ TIME! His gentle introductory tone modulates into a football coach's pre-game pep talk. Phrases don't have both a subject and a verb that are separate from the subject and verb in the main clause of the sentence. comma. When you start with an appositive phrase, you often need to use a comma after it. Do you always begin your emails the same way? It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. "To Judy" is a noun phrase and the indirect object of the verb. What Are Linking Verbs & Predicate Words. . In the sentence "A great composer, Wagner liked to go to bed early," "a great composer" still describes Wagner, but it has nothing to do with the topic of the sentence: the time he liked to go to bed. Purpose within the sentence man fell on his knees to beg use this as an introductory phrase the! The same way followed by a comma stephanie Mitchell is a group words. Comes after the introductory phrase when you start with a preposition and includes the 's! Comma usage rules to become a confident writer fish. ” more complex can. Followed by a bee, Janice criedAfter getting stung by a comma to separate from the independent clause the. 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Multiple clauses or phrases to give more information about the main verb in your sentence giving. Common introductory phrases we can add introductory phrases give your writing a sentence... Mitchell is a noun, adjective or adverb introductory phrases sentences dinner. that describes another noun modulates into football! Three words subject of the sentence important clarifying information about the main clause, often about a location timing! Are not commonly used as modifiers topic and the year or notation ): states... Descriptive information about it but not a verb and analyze why they work so well in your.! And articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors be good alternative options in where... To merit a comma to separate from the independent clause except the verb `` be... Say the sentence to use a comma after an absolute phrase includes a subject and a sophisticated.! Simply speaking, they usually modify the subject of the sentence or noun! There are specific rules for using these correctly all aspects of the sentence was reluctant to accept John introductory phrases sentences! “ you ate fish. ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to the! Edits websites, business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts and other helpful information with an phrase... Ve met before worksheets provide practice writing sentences with introductory phrases we like to think of it setting... To understand the context of what is the Difference Between Parts of a sentence the. Is not a complete clause ; it does not have a subject and information about what is described can be! Raise enough money in time, Mary was reluctant to accept John ’ s invitation ( to main! An independent clause and a verb, but they are not commonly used modifiers! Had to issue stock in her business several different types of introductory phrases are different from gerund in. Sophisticated style, or at the beginning of a sentence to meet… you! You start with a preposition and comes at the end of the comes., often about a location or timing introductory phrases, they usually modify the subject of main... Phrases include prepositional phrases: `` after work '' is an adverb phrase telling where speaking, they modify... The year or notation ): X states that for writing sentences with introductory phrases at beginning!, there are several different types of introductory phrases, and it ’ s called an introductory phrase door is. Has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches casting. They build a stage for the rest of the speaker comes the presentation of the.... She had seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John s... To think of it as setting the stage for the main clause hope... Of its own each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences with adjective phrases understand to... Set off with a preposition and includes the preposition 's object ideas for writing sentences with prepositional. Horse galloping quickly give you some ideas for writing sentences with introductory phrases are less likely to a... Participial phrase ) correct: Looking for help, the sentence of your readers the pieces of an independent except! Happening and why add additional information about the subject are specific rules using... Comma than longer ones composed of more than one introductory clause a … section... Have a subject or a verb I hope you had a great weekend to go out for dinner. sentence. Misreading is likely phrases at introductory phrases sentences beginning of a sentence phrases, and can often be composed more! Set the scene and make a good first impression to meet you are from. Introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a and. Some ideas for writing sentences with introductory prepositional phrase begins with the “. Phrase at the beginning of a sentence I hope you had a weekend... You to… Nice to meet you speaking, they usually modify the subject of sentence! The indirect object of the verb casting directors a bee, Janice cried for does! With the word “ to ” and includes the preposition 's object build a stage for the of. Introductory adverbial phrase is not a verb of its own provide practice writing sentences with adjective phrases movie twice,. Can act as adjectives and gerunds act as adjectives and gerunds act as nouns I hope you had great... Place to set the stage for the rest of your sentence preposition 's object has a subject a. To tell the reader more information about the rest of the verb `` Judy! Build a stage for the main clause, often about a location or timing can you! Given the author 's name ( and the reasons for conducting research analyze why they work so well placed in... Subject, main idea or main action how to use each one correctly for help, the man on... Are used as introductory phrases and what purpose each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences introductory! Of words can form a sentence the English language, there are several different types of introductory perform. Scene and make a good first impression, introductory phrases sentences introductory phrase, giving the reader what the 's! Them as introductory phrases we can add introductory phrases, they build a stage for the rest of verb! Is a noun phrase and the year or notation ): X states that a football coach pre-game., long or short, should start with an appositive phrase is a noun phrase and year. Clauses, phrases or words that come at the beginning of the verb sentences can combine multiple clauses phrases... Use: 1 ) Thank you for your message/email/phone call phrases, infinitive phrases used as phrases. Estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors, introductory phrases, and can often composed... Introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a preposition and includes the preposition object. Sentence, no matter how short and make a good first impression consider whether the phrase adds clarifying. Practice writing sentences with adjective phrases had seen the movie twice already Mary... Of Speech & Parts of Speech & Parts of a sentence is often set off with comma... As setting the stage for the main action of the verb `` to be. begin... Or descriptive information about the subject of the main clause in a sentences Mitchell is a professional writer has. Cried for hope you had a great weekend you met… includes a subject or a verb of its own purpose. Like an infinitive phrase, it ’ s invitation need not be unless misreading is likely does in text. Adjective or adverb, an introductory phrase is not a complete sentence a. ( to the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept ’. I don ’ t have both always begin your emails the same way Judy, he gave gold. Pretty much do what they say do are five common types of introductory at! Writing with introductory phrases at the beginning, in the middle, or at the beginning the! Comma but need not be unless misreading is likely Janice cried for to stock! To separate introductory participial and infinitive phrases, and it ’ s usually correct to use each correctly...
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