Equity theory has several implications for business managers: People measure the totals of their inputs and outcomes. Policy, Acceptable In short, Adams’s equity theory is this: the lower the perceived equity, the lower the motivation; the higher the perceived equity, the higher the motivation. In der Sozialpsychologie bezeichnet die Equity-Theorie einen Ansatz zur Erklärung des Verhaltens in sozialen Beziehungen auf der Grundlage der Fairness oder Unfairness der Belohnungsverteilung, der in der sozialpsychologischen Forschung von Adams (1965)[1] als eigenständige Forschungsrichtung etabliert wurde. However, awareness and cognizance of the wid… Personen trachten in sozialen Beziehungen nach fairen Gegenleistungen für ihren Einsatz. The theory is built-on the belief that employees become de-motivated, both in relation to their job and their employer, if they feel as though their inputs are greater than the outputs. Although the basic premise of the Porter-Lawler model is the same as for Vroom’s model, the Porter-Lawler model is more complex in a number of ways. Kompensation, indem die unterbezahlte Person einen Ausgleich erhält. In 1963 he introduced his Equity Theory of employee … Die Equity-Theorie (Theorie zum Gleichheitsprinzip der Gerechtigkeit) ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams in der Sozialpsychologie. Use Policy. Input includes hard work, skills, and enthusiasm. Quite simple, really. Developed by the behavioral and workplace psychologist, John Stacy Adams, Equity Theory of Motivation is one of the justice theories explaining the correlation between input and outcome of performance of employee at a job with his/her perception of equitable or inequitable behavior from the employers. soziale Bindungen (z. An attribute is only considered an input if it is perceived as relevant by the individual. Different employees ascribe personal values to inputs and outcomes. Equity theory, most popularly known as equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, in 1963. For managers, equity theory emphasizes the importance of a reward system that is perceived as fair by employees. In L. Berkowitz (Ed. Inputs und Outcomes werden von der einzelnen Person subjektiv in Relation gesetzt. Inequity in social exchange. An employee's perception of this may include many factors (see outputs above). Up, Mind Tools "Mind Tools" is a registered trademark of Emerald Works Limited. *Source: Google Analytics Annual User Count, based on average performance for years 2017 to 2019. Employees can be expected to respond to this is different ways, including de-motivation (generally to the extent the employee perceives the disparity between the inputs and the outputs exist), reduced effort, becoming disgruntled, or, in more extreme cases, perhaps even disruptive. Stellt die Person eine Ungleichheit fest, entsteht eine Spannung. B. gegeben, wenn jemand, der wenig leistet, eine höhere Belohnung bekommt als jemand, der viel leistet. Die Verletzung dieser Fairnessnorm, die in der Equity-Theorie beschrieben wird, ruft negative Sanktionen hervor, die der Aufrechterhaltung eines funktionierenden Sozialsystems dienen. Inputs can include abilities, effort, performance, age, seniority, education, and other attributes. This theory of motivation states that positive outcomes and high levels of motivation can be expected only when employees perceive their treatment to be fair; hence the balance between the employee's inputs and outputs. Im Sinne der Austauschtheorie wird Fairness durch Belohnungen und Beiträge bestimmt. Individuals in inequitable situations will do their best in order to eliminate inequity and distress. Let us know your suggestions or any bugs on the site, and you could win a © Emerald Works Limited 2020. The equity theory of motivation describes the relationship between the employee’s perception of how fairly is he being treated and how hard he is motivated to work. tools and resources that you'll find here at Mind Tools. You'll also get support and advice in our forum and Coaching Clinic. Nach dem Prinzip der relativen Gleichheit sollte eine Person, die viel leistet, auch eine hohe Belohnung erhalten, während eine Person, die wenig leistet, eine geringere Belohnung erhalten sollte. Zwei Personen werden dann fair behandelt, wenn das Verhältnis ihrer Belohnungen zu ihren Beiträgen gleich ist. What is equity theory? It is important to identify the need to know what is the best motivation tool to use in making the person happier for longer which ultimately will add value to the whole system. And according to the theory, employees should be content where they perceive these to be in balance. In short, Adam's Equity Theory means that employees will become de-motivated if their perceived input is greater than the output from the company. Auf der anderen Seite müssen Arbeitnehmer das Gefühl haben, im … Help your people to continue their learning at a time and a place which suits them. John Stacey Adams proposed that an employee’s motivation is affected by whether the employee believes that their employment benefits/rewards are at least equal to the amount of the effort that they put into their work. We might be a team of 10 persons but what really motivates each of us differs greatly, one it might be something as simple as praise while to another it is something bigger like training while yet another could be a bonus and yet another an award where there is a large audience. Financial rewards (such as salary, benefits, perks). Die Equity-Theorie (Theorie zum Gleichheitsprinzip der Gerechtigkeit) ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams in der Sozialpsychologie. Even though Adams’ theory is over 50 ye… While obviously many of these points can't be quantified and perfectly compared, the theory argues that managers should seek to find a fair balance between the inputs that an employee gives, and the outputs received. If you pay peanuts, you may get monkeys: find the right balance. Voraussetzung für diesen Lernschritt ist die Fähigkeit zum Belohnungsaufschub. Adams' Equity Theory, which stresses the importance of striking a balance between employee inputs and outputs. Generell lassen sich zwei Möglichkeiten der Wiederherstellung von Fairness unterscheiden: Die Equity-Theorie wurde ursprünglich für den Leistungs- und Berufsbereich entwickelt. Instead of focusing on money alone, Adams’ Equity Theory looks at compensation in relation to our social environment. Philosophisch wird die Equity-Theorie damit begründet, dass das Streben nach Ausgeglichenheit notwendig ist, um das Zusammenleben unter Menschen, die Egoismus kennzeichnet und die ihren Nutzen maximieren wollen, zu regeln und Konflikte zu vermeiden. Join and get unlimited access to tools and tips to help you develop career and life skills a little bit each day. Inputs consist of contributions by an individual. and Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory), Adams' Equity Theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect an employee's assessment and perception of their relationship with their work and their employer. Much like the five levels of needs determined by Maslow and the two factors of motivation as classified by Herzberg (intrinsic and extrinsic), the Adams' Equity Theory of motivation states that positive outcomes and high levels of motivation can be expected only when employees perceive their treatment to be fair. Learn new career skills every week, plus get a bonus Be a Successful Manager Checklist, free! Adams’ equity theory is based on a ratio consisting of inputs to outcomes. So what is this theory all about? Das entspricht in generalisierter Form einem Gerechte-Welt-Glauben. Dann ist die Person, die wenig leistet, überbelohnt, während die Person, die viel leistet, unterbelohnt ist. Abwertung – Lohnkürzung der überbezahlten Person, um den Status quo psychologisch zu rechtfertigen. Conduct regular reviews of employee performance, salaries and benef… The theory proposes that the employee evaluates the outcomes from the job i.e. Equity theory, most popularly known as equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, in 1963. The Key Premises of The Equity Theory. Equity Theory posits that if the person perceives that there is inequality, where either their output/input ratio is less than or greater than what they perceive a… Daher müssen in einem sozialen System bestimmte Normen eingehalten werden, nach denen die Verteilung von Gütern durchgeführt wird. Sie versucht zu erklären, wie Motivation entsteht. Equity theory attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms of perceptions of fair/unfair distributions of resources within interpersonal relationships. Adam’s Equity Theory, also known as the Equity Theory of Motivation, was developed in 1963 by John Stacey Adams, a workplace behavioral psychologist. It’s about the balance between the effort an employee puts into their work (input), and the result they get in return (output). Equity Theory is based on the idea that individuals are motivated by fairness. Personen trachten in sozialen Beziehungen nach fairen Gegenleistungen für ihren Einsatz. Die Equity-Theorie (Theorie zum Gleichheitsprinzip der Gerechtigkeit) ist eine Prozesstheorie von John Stacey Adams in der Sozialpsychologie. Adams' Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee's inputs (hard work, skill level, tolerance, enthusiasm, and so on) and an employee's outputs If the balance lies too far in favor of the employer, some employees may work to bring balance between inputs and outputs on their own, by asking for more compensation or recognition. Newsletter Sign There are two ways that this can be done. It is important to also consider the Adams' Equity Theory factors when striving to improve an employee's job satisfaction, motivation level, etc., and what can be done to promote higher levels of each. Equity theory is all about striking the right kind of balance between the input and output of an employee in the workplace because such a scenario will lead to a productive relationship with the management. Output can be things like salary, recognition, and responsibility. This is similar to Frederick Herzberg's Motivation/Hygiene Theory. A proper balance between input and output ensures that an employee feels satisfied and motivated, contributing to their productivity. Much like many of the more prevalent theories of motivation (such as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs The Adam’s Equity Theory was proposed by John Stacey Adams, and is based on the following assumptions: Individuals make contributions (inputs) for which they expect certain rewards (outcomes). Aufwertung – höhere Entlohnung der unterbezahlten Person bzw. During a social exchange, an individual assesses the ratio of what is output from the relationship to what is input in the relationship, and also the ratio of what the other person in the relationship outputs from the relationship to what is input into the relationship. Description: Equity theory is used in parlance of human resource management. The first is by addressing the actual … According to the theory, finding this fair balance serves to ensure a strong and productive relationship is achieved with the employee, with the overall result being contented, motivated employees. If a balanced output-input equation is achieved, there will be less of a strain on HR resources, retention rates will be higher, and workplaces will become much more positive. Adams' Equity Theory is named for John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, who developed his job motivation theory in 1963. Adam’s Equity Theory. join the Mind Tools Club and really supercharge your career! Inzwischen wird sie auf eine Vielzahl von sozialen Bereichen angewandt wie enge Beziehungen und Rechtfertigung sozialer Privilegien. Adams’ theory of equity is based on the premises of the belief in fair treatment by the organization in terms of equally rewarding all employees doing equal amount and equal level of work. Personen trachten in sozialen Beziehungen nach fairen Gegenleistungen für ihren Einsatz. Adams’ equity theory says that perceived fairness of rewards and contributions across peer groups affects motivation. When people feel fairly or advantageously treated they are more likely to be motivated; when they feel unfairly treated they are highly prone to feelings of disaffection and demotivation. Equity Theory definition First developed in the early 1960s by behavioural psychologist John S. Adams, equity theory is concerned with defining and measuring the relational satisfaction of employees. 5. Sie versucht zu erklären, wie der Entstehungsprozess der Motivation verläuft. Equity Theory focuses upon a person’s perceptions of fairness with respect to a relationship. Equity theory is considered as one of the justice theories. John Stacey Adams proposed that an employee's motivation is affected by whether the employee believes that their employment benefits are at least equal to the amount of the effort that they put into their work. Ergibt der Vergleich eine faire Beziehung ergibt sich keine motivationale Wirkung. John Stacey Adams proposed that an employee’s motivation is affected by whether the employee believes that their employment benefits/rewards are at least equal to the amount of the effort that they put into their work. £35 Amazon voucher! Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. (Available here.).   Equity theory is simple and almost instinctual. A few ways for managers to ensure a balanced is being struck are: 1. Equity-Theorie im Bereich der Rechtfertigung sozialer Privilegien zeigt sich darin, dass von Personen, die weniger verdienen, angenommen wird, dass ihre Arbeitsleistung weniger wert ist. In a business setting, both the employer and the employee wantsto be sure that his action is rewarded, the employee with pay and praise and employer with profit and productivity. When applied to place of employment, Equity theory can be seen as a way that an employee attempts to minimize any and all sense of unfairness that may arise (Pennsylvania State University, 2016). As we’ve talked about many times here at BrightHR, your business … Adams was born in Brussels in 1925, and served in the US Navy during WWII. Unfairness wäre z. Others will be demotivated, and still others will seek alternative employment. While Adams' Equity Theory obviously has a strong element of truth to it, it's probably fair to say that Herzberg's Motivation/Hygiene Theory has greater motivational significance. B. Vorgesetzten-Mitarbeiter-Beziehung). #UNTERNEHMENSFÜHRUNG #MANAGEMENT [ARCHIVIERT] Video wurde ersetzt, weil die Inhalte Lücken aufweisen. Adams, J.S. Solutions, Privacy Ist das nicht der Fall, so entsteht ein Ungleichgewicht, das von dem Betroffenen mittels unterschiedlicher Reaktionen … Outcomes are the rewards an individual receives for their inputs. Find out about our corporate products from Emerald Works. Count of users deduped by GA User ID. Equity theory in practice dictates that employees will attempt to maximise outcomes (or equal inputs and rewards.) Motivation is a very big word. Sie versucht zu erklären, wie Motivation entsteht. Die Austauschtheorie ist im Grunde dem einfachen ökonomischen Tauschgedanken verpflichtet: Leistung gegen Gegenleistung (Offe & Stadler, 1980). Zum Abbau dieser Spannung gibt es folgende Möglichkeiten: Adams, J.S. Adam’s Equity Theory Equity theory, most popularly known as equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace. Subscribe to our There are similarities with Charles Handy's extension and interpretationof previous simpler theories of Maslow, Herzberg and other pioneers of workplace psychology, in that the theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect each individual's assessment and perception of their relationship with their work, and thereby their employer. What this means from a leadership and management perspective is that a sense of fairness should be created within a team to ensure the best levels of motivation, engagement and performance. As per Adam’s theory Individual’s outcom… The idea behind Adams' Equity Theory is to strike a healthy balance here, with outputs on one side of the scale; inputs on the other – both weighing in a way that seems reasonably equal. Als Teil der Sozialisation lernen die Menschen in einer Gesellschaft, dass Fairness in den langfristigen Folgen vorteilhafter ist als Unfairness. Definition: Equity theory, popularly known as Adam's equity theory, aims to strike a balance between an employee’s input and output in a workplace.If the employee is able to find his or her right balance it would lead to a more productive relationship with the management. Equity-Theorie (Adams) Im Rahmen seiner sozialpsychologischen Forschungen entwickelte John Stacey Adams in den 60er Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts die Equity-Theorie – eine Prozesstheorie, die das Verhalten in sozialen Beziehungen unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Fairness untersucht. Die Equity-Theory von Adams (1965), auch Ausgeglichenheitstheorie oder Gleichgewichtstheorie genannt, ist eine Erweiterung der Austauschtheorie von Homans von 1958. free newsletter, or Das Verhältnis wird anhand eines Maßstabes z. Adams' Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee's inputs (hard work, skill level, acceptance, enthusiasm, and so on) and an employee's outputs (salary, benefits, intangibles such as recognition, and so on). Ist das nicht der Fall, so entsteht ein Ungleichgewicht, das von dem Betroffenen mittels unterschiedlicher Reaktionen ausgeglichen wird. (1963) 'Towards an Understanding of Inequity,' The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, Volume 67, No. Es gibt zwei wesentliche Prinzipien in Adams‘ Theorie: Auf der einen Seite muss es eine Balance zwischen unserem Input auf der Arbeit (unsere Bemühung) und Output (Belohnung) geben. Later, he graduated from the Universities of Mississippi and North Carolina before working in both academia and with organisations including the US Army. Überbelohnung und insbesondere Unterbelohnung rufen negative Emotionen wie Vergeltungsangst, Ärger und Anspannung hervor, die eine Wiederherstellung der Fairness motivieren. ), https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Equity-Theorie&oldid=201046239, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. All rights reserved. The Adams Equity Theory was developed by the American psychologist John Stacey Adams in 1963. Equity Theory states that the employees perceive what they get from a job situation (outcomes) about what they put into it( inputs) and then compare their inputs- outcomes ratio with the inputs- outcomes ratios of others. Cynthia A. Obiorah. John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioural psychologist, put forward hisEquity Theory on job motivation in 1963. Juni 2020 um 23:32 Uhr bearbeitet. This site teaches you the skills you need for a happy and successful career; and this is just one of many To do this, consider the balance or imbalance that currently exists between your employee's inputs and outputs, as follows: You can learn another 312 team management skills, like this, by joining the Mind Tools Club. Equity Theory was developed in the early 1960s by J. Stacy Adams focusing on social justice and the fairness of social exchange; basically what we give and receive from relationships. Adams' categorised employment benefits and … Adams' equity theory builds on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg's Two Factor Theory, and was first presented in 1963. Auf diese Weise kann die wahrgenommene Ausgeglichenheit trotz ungleicher Bezahlung aufrechterhalten werden. If the relationship is equitable, then both should be happy and satisfied at the end of the day. The theory helps explain why your employees’ motivation levels can go up and down at work. Equity theory, most popularly known as the equity theory of motivation, was first developed by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, in 1963. B. einer Vergleichsperson (Kollegen) in ähnlicher oder gleicher Arbeitssituation verglichen. For it to be most effective must be tailored to the individual need. (Billigkeitstheorie): Die von dem amerikanischen Sozialpsychologen J. S. Adams entwickelte Theorie, dass Personen allge­mein in Situationen des sozialen Austausches (social exchange) nach dem Prinzip der Billigkeit solchen Transaktion en den Vorzug geben, bei denen sie das Äquivalent dessen herausholen, das sie einbringen. Equity theory is a concept belonging to John S. Adams, a behavioural psychologist. Equity Theory Defined In 1963, John Stacey Adams introduced the idea that fairness and equity are key components of a motivated individual. Adams’ Theory of Justice (or just Theory of Justice, Justice Theory or Equity Theory) is one of the theories focusing on human motivation.Justice Theory was published in 1965 by John Stacey Adams.It is based on the fact that human motivation is influenced (increased) by the feeling of justice in two ways:. (1965). Store, Corporate Free newsletter, or join the Mind Tools '' is a registered trademark of Emerald Works Limited for managers ensure! Win a £35 Amazon voucher, and you could win a £35 Amazon voucher,... Outcomes ( or equal inputs and outcomes at a time and a place which suits them ( )... Beiträge bestimmt are motivated by Fairness sich keine motivationale Wirkung situations will do their best in order eliminate., John Stacey Adams in 1963 system bestimmte Normen eingehalten werden, nach denen die von. Leistet, überbelohnt, während die Person eine Ungleichheit fest, entsteht eine.... 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Description: equity theory is based on the site, and still others will seek alternative employment, um Status! Theory helps explain why your employees ’ motivation levels can go up and down at work to the,! Their inputs Tools and tips to help you develop career and life a! Bugs on the idea that individuals are motivated by Fairness der Aufrechterhaltung eines funktionierenden dienen! „ Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike “ really supercharge your career ratio consisting of inputs outcomes... To be in balance order to eliminate inequity and distress Acceptable Use Policy Gleichgewichtstheorie. Motivationale Wirkung about our corporate products from Emerald Works Limited? title=Equity-Theorie & oldid=201046239, „ Creative Commons Alike.
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