It prefers brackish and freshwater marshes. Considerations: Not drought tolerant. Acrostichum speciosum RBG Sydney by Poyt448 Peter Woodard (CC BY-SA 3.0) Acrostichum danaeifolium - Palmas del Mar PR - Pterocarpus Forest IMG … Sometimes Giant Leather Ferns, ACROSTICHUM DANAEFOLIUM, emerge from the soggy grassland. It can grow up to 6 feet tall and possibly more and likes wet conditions. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) distribution maps for Giant Leather Fern. It is widely distributed in central and south Florida. Like many other ferns, the young shoots of giant leather fern, or fiddleheads as they're called, are cooked and eaten. The Giant Leather Fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium) is the largest native fern species found throughout Florida. Description: Large shrub-like herbaceous fern with ascending or arching fronds. In some places, the mature fronds are used as thatch. It also occurs in Central and South America and in the Caribbean. The giant leather fern is Florida’s largest fern. The giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is perfectly named. More images of Leather Fern. At least one source says includes Western Africa. Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). Giant Leather Fern, Giant Fern, Inland Leather Fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium) by palmbob Feb 28, 2016 4:32 PM MotherNature4 has observed this fern on Pellicer Creek near St. Augustine and in the Everglades The giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is perfectly named. Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida, where it has been collected in virtually every county throughout the southern two-thirds of the state. It's sometimes confused with golden leather fern, but that plant within Florida is only found in the southwestern counties, and even there, it's usually a cultivated rather than wild plant. Home Giant Leather Fern - Acrostichum danaeifolium Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. Family: Pteridaceae Habit: Acrostichum danaeifolium grows with a basal rosette of fronds up to 4 meters in length (typically less than 2 meters). The spores on the underside of its leaves give it a leathery brown appearance. Leather Swamp Fern. Also known as . Leaves of the giant leather-fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, were infested by larvae of an unknown species of moth (microlepidoptera) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. USDA hardiness zones: 9 through 11 (Figure 2) Planting month for zone 9: year round. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). In fern terms, these are huge, coarse-looking things giving the impression of having been rooted exactly where they are since dinosaur times. Unless otherwise stated, all photographs are property of the publishers and may not be used without their express permission. Could be used as a hedge. The Ultimate Guide to the Outdoors and Environment in Broward, Collier, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe and Palm Beach counties. Family: Adiantaceae. As broad or broader than tall. It grows vigorously in full sun to full shade but it will not tolerate freezing temperatures. Hybrids have been produced in the laboratory, although these have not been analyzed cytologically. Share. Common Names: Giant Leather Fern. But it can tolerate enough salt that it will grow in mangrove swamps. Add the two together and you have giant leather fern. Follow us. Acrostichum danaeifolium - Marie Selby Botanical Gardens - Sarasota, Florida - DSC01604 by Daderot (CC0) Full Shade. ID 1165 Symbol Key ACDA Common Name inland leatherfern Family Pteridaceae Category Fern Division Pteridophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, PR, VI Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration It is a huge fern with erect fronds that are typically 6 feet tall but can grow to 12 feet long and up to 2 feet wide. Share. If you have a pond, … Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Acrostichum danaeifolium - Giant leather fern -- Discover Life Plant type: perennial; herbaceous. Google Privacy Policy | Look among mangroves or cypress trees where large colonies can be found. Giant leather fern is an important source of cover for birds and other animals. Gardening The Giant Leather Fern is native to the freshwater marshes, swamps, and swampy hammocks and wet, marshy prairies from north-central Florida southward throughout the rest of the state and the Keys, including the Everglades. It grows throughout most of the peninsula, from the northeast corner southward, in coastal areas and inland as well. Moderate watering. It is an excellent, majestic fern that forms thickets providing shelter and cover for wildlife. The Caribbean, Mexico, Central America and South America to Brazil are also in its native range. The Seminoles used giant leather fern to make a body rub for treating high fevers and other ailments. Giant Leather Fern Acrostichum danaeifolium. Amer. As this fern gets very tall, it is not appropriate as a groundcover. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsd. The oldest known land plants in the fossil record are Ordovician to Silurian. Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). The species Acrostichum aureum is known to have a high saltwater tolerance, growing in mangroves. Click on any image to open the slideshow. It will often line the edges of canals, rivers and even man made lakes. Scientific name: Acrostichum daneifolium. The fern can be planted anytime of year and produce very long vibrant green leaves. Moth Larvae-damaged Giant Leather-fern Acrostichum danaeifolium as Host for Secondary Colonization by Ants Tweet. Acrostichum danaeifolium. Florida native. Previous image . Other names include leather fern, inland leather fern and mangrove fern. ... Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida." It is mammoth, with fronds as long as 12 feet and a girth just as wide. See Acrostichum danaeifolium by Lee County Extension Agent Stephen Brown (brownsh@ufl.edu), © 2020 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants This massive fern can grow to 12 feet in height and thrives in wetland and bog conditions. Full size 1140 × 711 pixels. Needless to say we were both begging our boat driver to get close enough so … It is found in fresh or brackish marshes from North Central Florida south. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The giant leather fern is a native of the central and southern peninsula of Florida, and Puerto Rico in the United States. It has limited cold tolerance (to about 15 degrees, according to the University of Florida), which is why it's found only in Florida among the 50 states. Acrostichum danaeifolium, giant leather ferns, in swamps or other wetlands of Municipio de Livingston, Izabal, Guatemala. Advanced care. The spores on the underside of its leaves give it a leathery brown appearance. Pronunciation: ack-ro-STISH-um dan-ee-if-FOLE-ee-um. It has a strong root system, and forms networks of rhizomes, or underground stems, that help protect lake and pond banks and the edges of streams against erosion. Acrostichum danaeifolium. During a nine-month observation period these moths infested 87% of the ferns and 41% of their leaves. 93(2): 48-54. Florida is the only state where the giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is found. Share. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. Moth-larvae damaged giant leather-fern Acrostichum danaeifolium as host for secondary colonization by ants. Giant Leather Fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium) Part shade Average to high water needs Size: 6-12 ft tall x 5-10 ft wide Price: $8.99 (1 gal) Specimen plant or mass background planting in moist areas. That's one of them below, with fronds soaring nearly nine feet (2.5 m) above the muck. Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). However, two giant leather fern species are listed for the Yucatan, Acrostichum danaefolium and Acrostichum aureum. Share. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. General Information. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). It's generally found in freshwater wetlands, in hammocks and we've seen it growing in cypress swamps. May 24, 2013 - Acrostichum danaeifolium - Giant Leather Fern. Mehltreter, K., P. Rojas & M. Palacios-Rios. A large fern of freshwater and brackish marshes, freshwater swamps and sinkholes in hammocks throughout most of peninsular Florida. UF Privacy Policy See Acrostichum danaeifolium by Lee County Extension Agent Stephen Brown (brownsh@ufl.edu) Search. The giant leather fern grows in coastal hammocks and in brackish and mangrove swamps and further inland along canals and pond edges. Site Feedback. (December 2012) Plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes. Its sheer size also can limit its usefulness. Giant Leather Fern, Leather Fern, Inland Leather Fern. It is often three feet tall, yet in rich wet soils it can reach 15 feet. Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. Share on Facebook. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsdorff & Fischer, 1810 - giant leather fern in Florida, USA. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsdorff & Fischer, 1810 - giant leather fern in Florida, USA. Young giant leather ferns look so different from their parents that they can be confused with flowering plants. It is used in landscaping as a specimen plant, and in habitat restorations, but it requires constantly wet soil, which makes it impractical for many sites. Common name (s): leather fern. Next image. As this fern gets very tall, it is not appropriate as a groundcover. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). Could be used as a hedge. They do not withstand prolonged immersion, but require wet roots. Specimen plant or mass background planting in moist areas. & Fisch. The sterile frond is pinnately compound with pinnae to 60 cm in length and opposite or subopposite in position. Acrostichum danaeifolium; Giant Leather Fern ... common names Giant Leather Fern (photographer) Check the Plants Database (USDA website) View Encyclopedia of Life record for Acrostichum danaeifolium; View all photos in CalPhotos of Acrostichum danaeifolium; Check Google Images for Acrostichum danaeifolium: The photographer's identification Acrostichum danaeifolium has not been … Leather Fern Acrostichum spp. Explore. The largest fern in the state, it ranges from Florida … The species of Acrostichum are massive ferns, with fronds up to 12 feet (3.5 meters) tall, that depend on a semi-aquatic existence. Acrostichum danaeifolium (Fee) C. Presl. The giant leather fern is a Florida native and the largest fern growing in the state. Giant Leather Fern is one of our largest native ferns. Growth Rate: … In later years, they would grow giant leather fern as a cash crop, selling the plants to commercial nurseries. ABSTRACT.-Leaves of the giant leather-fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, were infested by larvae of an unknown species of moth (microlepidoptera) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. It is a vigorous grower. Giant leather fern Inland leather fern. Propagation: Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales: Light: Part Shade: Moisture Tolerance: Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round. Fronds pinnate, with 20 … Also found in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. Much more commonly seen in the Sunshine State is the Leather Fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium. Share. Fern J. This page uses Google Analytics The giant leather fern grows in coastal hammocks and in brackish and mangrove swamps and further inland along canals and pond edges. Dimensions: Typically 6-12 feet in height. Fronds to about 10 feet long or more. It likes full sun, but can take some shade. Add the two together and you have giant leather fern. It is also found in the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America; possibly also in western Africa. Acrostichum danaeifolium Family: Pteridaceae Genus: Acrostichum (ak-ro-STISH-um) Species: danaeifolium (dan-ay-ee-FOH-lee-um) When in Jamaica a couple years ago, we saw these massive ferns along the banks of the Black River growing in full sun and brackish marshes near the mangroves and looking very majestic. Acrostichum danaeifolium is a species of plants with 867 observations Acrostichum excelsum Maxon. (January 2016) Plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes. Taking in their effect, one might say "emerge like a Viking on a beach." It is mammoth, with fronds as long as 12 feet and a girth just as wide. It usually stands well above its neighbors in Florida’s wetlands, wet prairies and swamps. 2003. It is a member of Pteridaceae, the maidenhair or brake fern family. 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