At transnational level is worth noting the Transnational Operational Programme for Madeira-Azores-Canary Islands. First because at intermunicipal level they cover almost all the national territory, and second because of their recent elaboration (some still are ongoing). The Atlantic climate predominates overall, putting most of the country into the humid zone of the Iberian Peninsula; this is especially true in the northwest, where the climate is mild and rainy. This assures the integration of the latest findings on knowledge on climate change impacts and vulnerabilities assessments in an adjusted manner according to the geographical scope of the strategies and plans. In the NAP it is planned to establish a monitoring system with measurable indicators of two kinds: achievement and outcome. Particularly aiming the NAS objective of implement adaptation measures, a NAP is being prepared (in final stage of political approval) where eight adaptation action lines are defined with direct intervention in the territory and infrastructures, and another complementary line of action of transversal character. At sub-national level it is important to highlight the Adaptation Strategy of the Autonomous Region of Madeira and the significant trend of development of Municipal and Intermunicipal Adaptation Strategies and Plans. Besides, heat waves will become more intense (hotter) and especially night-time temperatures will increase strongly, making it hard for citizens to recover from the heat of the day. Published 8 October 2018. In general, by the end of the century, projected maximum temperatures increase more than projected minimum temperatures. One of the 3 main objectives of the NAS is precisely mainstreaming of adaptation in sectoral policies including spatial planning, planning and territorial management instruments. By John Yewell. Maximum temperature rise is largest in summer and autumn with maximum increments of 8°C in some areas inland whereas in winter and spring it is between 2 and 4°C. In its efforts to strengthen its work on fighting climate change and reinforcing resilience, Portugal is involved, together with other EU Member States, in the implementation of projects in the form of delegated cooperation (on behalf of the EU). Within this scope it is being prepared a Research and Innovation Agenda on Climate Change, to be published in 2019. Each day of the year has its own threshold that is calculated from a database over the period 1986-2005. The energy sector addressed mainstreaming of adaptation by producing the "Guide to Climate Validation in the Energy Sector" providing guidelines for sectoral plans, legislation and regulations. The challenge of climate change needs to be addressed inter alia through integrated and ecosystem-based approaches and instruments, such as integrated coastal management. The framework stablished within the previous NAS for the forest sector is still active. Several of these actions have been implemented within the POSEUR. Under the guidance of Global Framework, IPMA already established protocols and data exchange between meteorological services and other organizations, in addition to product development and service delivery, driven by a desire to improve access and benefit of the users of climate information. The political support is essentially guaranteed by the CIAAC, a structure created for the monitoring of climate policy and sectoral policies with an impact on national goals in the field of air and climate change, taking into account the synergies between these two themes. Precipitation shows high inter-annual variability, with well known vulnerability to climate variability, namely to droughts in the south and floods in the north (1). Until 2016 the geographical priorities of the Portuguese cooperation in the field of climate change were focused on the PALOP (Portuguese-speaking African countries) countries and Timor-Leste, all of whom belong to the group of the most vulnerable countries (Least Developed Countries, Small Island Developing States and/or in Africa). Insurance companies’ climate change preparedness. In 2017, the preliminary diagnosis for the transport sub-sector which set the basis for the ongoing preparation of the document "adaptation of the transport sector to climate change", was elaborated. APA has the mission to develop the public policies for the environment and sustainable development, Head of unit of adaptation and monitoring, Rua da Murgueira, 9/9A – Zambujal, Ap. Recent climate change has exacerbated this event making it at least 1°C warmer than similar events since 1950 (16). There are many “natural” and “anthropogenic” (human-induced) factors that contribute to climate change. We know that climate change cannot be resolved without collaboration. Likewise, a cold spell is defined as the period of, at least, three consecutive days in which the minimum temperature during a day is equal or below a certain threshold temperature, where this threshold is defined as the 10 % lowest day temperatures during the 31 days around a certain day over the period 1986-2005. The first phase of the project was conducted to assess climate change impacts and adaptation measures in continental Portugal (Santos et al. The revision of the NAS is scheduled for 2020. The SIAM project was divided functionally into 10 groups and an integration team. Please click here if you are looking for the full references for Portugal. Rising global temperatures causes sea levels to rise, increases the number of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and storms, and increases the spread of tropical diseases. Brad Page 02 Dec 2020. +351 214728200Mail 1941–1975: The maximum and minimum temperature decreased by 0.17°C per decade and 0.19°C per decade, respectively; 1976–2006: The maximum and minimum temperature increased by 0.49°C per decade and 0.54°C per decade, respectively. As part of the active provision of climate services at global scale, IPMA is integrating in its mission concerns the collection and exchange of climate data, as well as research and creation of climate information products for distribution to more differentiated users. You can still access it as legacy These are crucial to build the foundations for sustainable coastal management and development, supporting socio-economic development, biodiversity and ecosystem services. Promoting internal training and climate awareness of interest groups and encouraging suppliers to adopt appropriate policies. The Montreal Protocol on ozone-damaging gases does not directly address climate change, but ozone-damaging gases contribute to global warming. These indicators are based on the monitoring framework and respective targets of the financial mechanisms that support the Lines of Action of the NAP. Five things we have learned from the IPCC report. These monitoring, reporting and evaluation activities are covered within the activities of the thematic area financing and implementing adaptation. Additionally, among other measures, it's worth noting the elaboration of risk cartography at municipal level and the reinforcement of risk-related monitoring and alert systems. The NAS governance includes also mechanisms of coordination across administration levels within two perspectives: first by having the subnational administration (RAA, RAM and ANMP) representatives as elements of the NAS Coordination Group, and second by having a thematic area dedicated to spatial planning with the main objective of mainstreaming adaptation in Territorial Management and Policy Instruments at all scales relevant to a coherent implementation of the NAS. Two periods have been discriminated (6, see also 8): Besides, in the 1976–2006 period many stations revealed statistically significant positive trends in the annual number of tropical nights, summer days, warm spells, warm nights and warm days. Furthermore it is planned a pre-defined project under the Environment Programme (EEA Grants 2014-2021) dedicated to the vulnerability assessment to climate change, updated for territorial focus. In this way one of the thematic areas of the NAS deals specifically with this aspect having the objective to "focus on the prioritization and articulation of funds and available means for coherence adoption of the options and adaptation measures required to implement the NAS". The NAS has a thematic area dedicated specifically to research and innovation in order to promote the national science and knowledge in relevant areas for a coherent implementation of the NAS. In the remaining months the anticyclone’s influence reduces precipitation (1). The variability (the spread around the median) of maximum temperature will also increase; for minimum temperature variability is not projected to change significantly. Promoting internal training and climate awareness of interest groups and encouraging suppliers to adopt appropriate policies. The future heat waves will also enclose larger areas: approximately 100 events in the 2071-2100 period (more than 3 per year) will cover the whole country. Many other initiatives are developed under the NAS supported by the own resources of the entities involved. With just over a decade left to achieve the 2030 targets under the SDGs and the Paris Agreement on climate change, the UN is accelerating its support for integrated policy solutions that generate real results at the local level, for the poor and vulnerable in society, and create a … It is within this thematic area that activities such as reporting to the UNFCCC and to the European Commission are held. One of its ongoing tasks is the execution of the project LIFESHARA (LIFE15 GIC/ES/000033 - Sharing Awareness and Governance of Adaptation to Climate Change in Spain) that has one action focusing on the establishment of a cooperation framework between the units of adaptation to climate change in Spain and Portugal in order to identify risks, vulnerabilities, priorities and common actions. Nevertheless certain typologies of measures and actions need proper financing mechanisms to be implemented. At the governance level, the means of implementation within the NAS rely essentially on the own resources affected by each of the public entities involved in the coordination of thematic areas and sectoral WG, and as members of the coordination group and of the Scientific Panel. Azores strategy addresses climate change as a whole, integrating both adaptation and mitigation. structuring and supporting cross-cutting actions. In this way, addressing the NAS objective for knowledge improvement, a Research & Innovation Agenda for Climate Change has been developed through a process led by the Foundation of Science and Technology and APA where the NAS's Scientific Panel (see more about this structure on the governance section of the heading "Engaging stakeholders") had a vital role on its drafting. Regarding the health sector there are several public health programmes contributing to adaptation, namely Contingency Plans for Adverse Extreme Temperatures, Contingency Plans of Seasonal Health, and the Vector-borne Diseases Prevention Programme. The references below are cited in full in a separate map 'References'. This has a positive effective by improving the interface on science and policy by having a representative entity for each of these domains as coordinators of the thematic area. The level on how adaptation is being mainstreamed varies from sector to sector. Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century, humans have had unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale. Published 8 October 2018. Also in the period 1950-2003, statistically significant drying trends were found in spring, mainly in northern and central Portugal (15), while weak wetting trends were detected in autumn (15). The Azores archipelago is located in the subtropical area of the Northern hemisphere anticyclones (1). … This has led to considerable success in reducing pollution, decoupling emissions from economic growth and fostering global technological leadership. This climate portal has more than 40 climate variables available on the website aggregated in the following groups: Additionally, the National Authority of Civil Protection has a national database on disaster response and losses since 2006 and publishes that information on the yearbooks of civil protection events. Despite these significant developments, scientific and technical approaches to climate change continue to dominate, leaving the underlying social drivers of vulnerability largely unaddressed. Carbon capture and storage has a vital part to play in decarbonization efforts around the world. A European Court May Soon Decide . In autumn, wetting trends were detected for all indices, although overall they are not significant at the 5 % level. The ambition of each NAS thematic area and sectoral WG are regularly stated on the Biennial Implementation Plans of the NAS according to their available resources. Both halfway and at the end of this century, the number of heat waves and heat wave days are expected to increase in all studied locations across Spain and Portugal. The median values of maximum and minimum temperature increase by 3.5 - 4°C and 3 - 3.5°C, respectively, by the end of the century under the high-end scenario of climate change. 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