McDonald’s released its famous Big Mac in 1968, and Wendy debuted its memorable commercial featuring the slogan ‘Where’s the beef?’ By the 2000s, America had become a burger-obsessed nation: in 2001, burgers made up 71 percent of all beef served in commercial restaurants. The patty itself is often seasoned or augmented with chopped onions, spices, or bread crumbs before cooking. Hamburg is one of the greenest cities in Europe. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The American staple could have … A common misconception is that the first hamburger was created in Hamburg, Germany. Traveling from Europe across the Atlantic, the hamburger rose to fame in the US, emerging as an icon in the culinary world. As Germans and sailors immigrated to the US, so did the recipe, according to this hamburger origin. Where was the hamburger invented? After developing a special bun for the hamburger in 1916, Walter Anderson and Edgar Ingram opened White Castle, the world’s first burger chain, in Kansas in 1921. Cook Walter Anderson and entrepreneur Billy Ingram opened their first restaurant and changed the course of hamburger history, with innovations in design, cooking, and … Depending upon the restaurant, the hamburger’s nutritional facts vary: … The Hamburger Hill legacy lives on. Mustard, mayonnaise, ketchup, and other condiments, along with garnishes of lettuce, onion, tomato, and sliced cucumber pickle, constitute the customary dressing. The Library of Congress credits Louis Lassen, a Danish immigrant, owner of Louis’ Lunch in New Haven, Connecticut as … By 1873, it appeared for the first time on a menu at Delmonico’s in New York City. A few short years later, Frank and Charles Menches from New York and Charlie Nagreen from Wisconsin – both claim to be its creators – served a version of the patty-on-a-bun at their respective local fairs. While the inspiration for the hamburger came from Hamburg, the sandwich concept was invented much later. The origin of hamburger is unknown, but the hamburger patty and sandwich were probably brought by 19th-century German immigrants to the United States, where in a matter of decades the hamburger came to be considered an archetypal American food. Fifteen percent fat is regarded as the ideal proportion in terms of juiciness and flavour of the cooked product. A century later, hamburgers are sold all across the world in countless variations. The origin of hamburger is unknown, but the hamburger patty and sandwich were probably brought by 19th-century German immigrants to the United States, where in a matter of decades the hamburger came to be considered an archetypal American food. Hamburgers are so popular worldwide that The Economist compares countries’ purchasing power using The Big Mac Index. They are a staple food of fast food joints and high-end restaurants alike. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. She mixes minced beef with suet, spices, wine, and rum and stuffs it into a gut, which is then smoked and dried. The family of Oscar Weber Bilby claim the first-known hamburger on a bun was served on July 4, 1891 on Grandpa Oscar’s farm. This man supposedly made a hamburger around the port of Hamburg in the early 1890s. The modern hamburger was a product of the culinary needs of a society rapidly changing due to industrialization and the emergence of the working class and middle class with the resulting demand for mass-produced, affordable food that could be consumed outside of the home. It was built on the orders of Emperor Charlemagne and was situated on land between the rivers Elbe and Alster. That same year, In-N-Out launched the first drive-thru burger spot in Baldwin Park, California. Corrections? The hamburger, in some form or another, has appeared throughout history since the early 4th century. Biggest burger. The family of Oscar Weber Bilby says that he invented the hamburger in 1891. The first permanent settlement here took the form of a fortress, which was called Hammaburg. There are many conflicting versions of hamburger history. The term is applied variously to (1) a patty of ground beef, sometimes called hamburg steak, Salisbury steak, or Vienna steak, (2) a sandwich consisting of a patty of beef served within a split bread roll, with various garnishes, or (3) the ground beef itself, which is used as a base in many sauces, casseroles, terrines, and the like. The hamburger, in some form or another, has appeared throughout history since the early 4th century. Hamburger Harry is now the most recent Guinness World Book of Record holder for the largest collection of hamburger and cheeseburger memorabilia, and now he is the proud owner of the International Hamburger Hall of Fame. But the first hamburger wasn't eaten between the halves of a bun until the early 1900s. The History of the Hamburger Along with pizza , hot dogs, and apple pie , hamburgers rank as one of Americans’ favorite foods. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its headquarters are in Oak Brook, Illinois.…, Sandwich, in its basic form, slices of meat, cheese, or other food placed between two slices of bread. Russians brought the recipe to the Germans in the 17th century, arriving via the port of Hamburg. Yet, they would not be known as Hamburger SV until 1919 after a merger with two other Hamburg clubs: FC Falke Eppendorf and Hamburger FC. Hamburgers weren’t really much popular until its introduction at St. Louis World’s fair held in year … The first Hamburger University was founded in the basement of a McDonald’s in Elk Grove Village, Illinois, in 1961, ... 11 Surprising Facts About the Real History of McDonald’s. According to United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) standards, hamburger meat may be designated either “hamburger,” “chopped beef,” or “ground beef.” It must be ground from fresh beef with no by-products or nonmeat extenders, but the USDA does permit the inclusion of loose beef fat and seasonings in meat labeled “hamburger.” Also, by law, hamburger and chopped or ground beef sold commercially may contain no more than 30 percent fat. Hamburger, also called burger, ground beef. Many vegetarians make their decision not to eat meat based solely on ethics rather … People commonly think the hamburger began here in the U.S. of A. and there are some attributions to Hamburg, Germany. Just five years later, the iconic McDonald’s Bar-B-Que opened in San Bernardino, California; in 1948, brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald turned the focus to their 15-cent hamburger. According to an often-cited account from a…, McDonald’s, American fast-food chain that is one of the largest in the world, known for its hamburgers. 17. Despite attempts during W… Guests: Please feel free to chime in and leave your own interesting hamburger statistics, facts, or data. White Castle, who also has a place in hamburger history as the first hamburger chain and possibly the inventor of the modern bun, claims Otto invented the hamburger. Updates? While the inspiration for the hamburger did come from Hamburg, the sandwich concept was invented much later. In 1928, the first burger ‘with cheese’ appeared on a menu at O’Dell’s Diner in Los Angeles, and in 1935, the word ‘cheeseburger’ was coined by Denver’s Humpty Dumpty Drive-In. The only thing that these stories seem to agree on is that it was somewhere in America. The importance of the hamburger in American popular culture is indicated by its virtual ubiquity at backyard barbecues and on fast-food restaurant menus and by the proliferation of so-called hamburger stands and restaurants. Its headquarters are in Oak Brook, Illinois. The first McDonald’s restaurant was started in 1948 by brothers Maurice (“Mac”) and Richard McDonald in San Bernardino, California. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. Truck. About 14% … It survived through war, economic crises, and over a dozen centuries of time. Ingram (an insurance exec) founded White … Burgers were first popularized in the U.S. by German immigrants settling around Cincinnati. There are several instances of hamburger like traditions all across Europe. Hannah Glasse in Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy tells how to make a Hamburg sausage. Exactly how a dish named for a German city evolved into one of America’s favorite foods is a riddle wrapped in a mystery on a sesame seed bun. History of the Cheeseburger. The earliest reference to the ancestor of the hamburger appears in an English cookbook from 1763. Although this mode of consumption must be as old as meat and bread, the name was adopted only in the 18th century for John Montagu, 4th earl of Sandwich. It survived through war, economic crises, and over a dozen centuries of time. In the variation known as the cheeseburger, a slice of cheese is melted over the patty. A hamburger or burger is a type of sandwich with cooked ground meat between the two halves of a bun. The exact origin of the hamburger may never be known with any certainty. The hamburger is generally considered to have started and spread throughout Europe. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/hamburger, Tory Avey - The History Kitchen - A Brief History of Hamburgers, History.com - Hungry History - Hamburger Helpers: The History of America’s Favorite Sandwich. The bun was a yeast bun. They bought…. Before the hamburger came to America, it was a popular culinary tradition in Europe. Test-Tube Meat. And this is not the end of the story yet as long as there are many people in this generation — and generations to come — who will continue to relish that famous, oh-so-good, yummy hamburger. Hamburg History Facts and Timeline (Hamburg, Germany) Hamburg has a rich history that extends back to the 9th century AD. In … The hamburger may be eaten without a knife and fork, so it is a fast food which can be eaten anywhere.. Some chains, such as McDonald’s, Burger King, and Wendy’s, proliferated worldwide. In any case, the history of the hamburger in some form is centuries old. In 1921, Walter A Anderson (a short order cook) and E.W. The Free and Hanseatic City (Freie und Hansestadt) of Hamburg is the second smallest of the 16 Länder of Germany, with a territory of only 292 square miles (755 square km). It was a popular culinary tradition there. 1880’s: Fletcher Davis of Athens, Texas claimed to have invented the hamburger at his lunch counter. Officially, the club was founded in 1887, under the name of SC Germania. Even restaurant chefs were following suit: in the 1950s, the first gourmet burger was featured at New York’s 21 Club. Hamburger history. In the 1840s, German immigrants fleeing political revolutions in their country left for the New World. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …the world, known for its hamburgers. Burger nutritional data 4. Other ingredients that are often part of a cheeseburger are lettuce, tomato, onion, pickles, mustard, mayonnaise, and ketchup. An ancient collection of recipes accredit the first minced meat preparation to the 4th century; other historians believe it was the Mongols that spread the tradition in the 13th century when warriors would stash raw meat under their saddles to soften it and cook it. Traveling from Europe across the Atlantic, the hamburger rose to fame in the US, emerging as an icon in the culinary world. Today, the US alone eats more than 40 billion burgers annually. 8 in Minneapolis, Minnesota | © McGhiever/WikiCommons. Hamburgers are customarily eaten as a sandwich, between two halves of a round bun. Frank and Charles Menches claimed that they run out of pork sausages during the Erie County Fair in Hamburg, New York in 1885, and that they bought chopped up beef from a butcher. Lets find out some interesting facts from the history of hamburger together. While its story is long and tiresome – from Mongol horsemen to American county fairs – here’s how America’s favorite sandwich became what we know and love today. Cheeseburger is a hamburger with cheese (with other toppings and ingredients). Except for the last steps converting it into a sausage, the mi… Tomatoes, onions, cheese, salad and dips may also be added. The Hamburger most likely first appeared in the 19th or early 20th century. 6 Hamburger History Claims. In the USA alone, an estimated 50 billion burgers are eaten every year, that is 3 per american every week. The Americans claim that they are the first who joined the two slices of bread and a steak of minced beef in the "hamburger sandwich", adding further the original ingredients, onions, lettuce and sliced pickles. History. Led by McDonald’s, American-style franchised fast food spread globally. One of the Greenest Cities in Europe. But whatever its genesis, the hamburger didn’t receive significant attention until it was featured by Louis’ Lunch at the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904, known for introducing wild and new foods to Americans. The hamburger first appeared in the 19th or early 20th century. It spread throughout the empire and across Europe, with Moscow adopting a raw version – known today as steak tartare – by the end of the century. All the stories we've found say that the hamburger was invented in different places. 18. From quick-service restaurants to diners, and bars to cookouts, the hamburger is a staple on almost any menu. Omissions? The history of the hamburger, with lots of controversies, unverified claims and success stories, is as tasteful as the dish itself. The history of the hamburger: An American invention The burger is ingrained in American history. Cheese is placed on a hot patty and its heat melts the cheese. By 1747, the Hamburg sausage appeared for the first time in a cookbook, The Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy, and in the early 1800s, the Hamburg steak was included in the Oxford English Dictionary. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Burgers make up 40% of all sandwiches sold and account for over 70% of beef served in commercial restaurants. They started using it in their ground beef sandwiches. A recipe from 1763 cements the hamburger's place in American culture. For those who fought in the battle, there are still lessons to be learned. During the 19th century, Hamburg became famous for … The Hamburg steak is said to have been eaten on the ships before arriving in the US. 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