Qui a dit cela? I'm a freelance writer, doctoral student, mom, and Francophile. - When? There are four ways of forming French interrogatives. We answered to all the chapters because the conclusions of the Green Paper were presented most of the time in the interrogative form . French Grammar 109 – Interrogative Form. Learn about interrogative pronouns with Lingolia, then test yourself in the free exercises. Another common question form is to invert the verb (parlez) and the subject (vous), as in parlez-vous? So, this verb is irregular and do not follow a regular conjugation pattern like first or second group verbs. 1) Combien (de) Combien means "how many?" - How many children do you have? ('May I help you?') Il est généralement placé après le nom et s'accorde avec le nom ( ex : un ballon bleu, un e balle bleu e ). )/Quels (m.pl. - Does she speak French? In English they are words like what, why, how, who or how many. They can be used to ask questions with est-ce que or subject-verb inversion or to pose indirect questions. )/Quelle (f.pl.) However, you can also change the order of the subject and the verb: Veux-tu venir avec nous? The third way to ask a question in French is a bit harder. Que? The interrogative determiner quel always comes before a noun. - What/which doctor? Yes, send me my free Learn French newsletters. Quel docteur? Add the tag n'est-ce pas? No agreement is necessary. A la prochaine! Question words are interrogative pronouns, adverbs or adjectives which are usually placed at the start of a question. Combien coûte-t-il? Make sure that your voice rises at the end of the sentence, which will change your sentence from being declarative to interrogative. This would literally translate to 'Is it that I could help you?' Thus, an interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question. Invariable interrogative pronouns. / Qui est-ce que? Thus, the correct interrogative sentence would be: Qu’est-ce que tu as fait? Also, in the plural, the t must be pronounced: Parlent-ils français? For example, if you would like to say “Is she with you?” you can actually use the same syntax as “She is with you.” In French, this would be: “elle est avec toi” (she is with you). With so many ways to form an interrogative sentences in French, you can choose the one that works best for you. / Qui est-ce que tu as vu? In French, there are 3 ways of putting a sentence in the interrogative form. or "how much?" French Grammar: Asking Questions – Interrogatives la grammaire française: poser les questions – les interrogatifs. Comment, où, and quand can be used after n’importe to form indefinite adverbial phrases – learn more. French Interrogatives (les interrogatifs) are words that are used to ask questions! Quel (m.sing. - Did he live in France? Interrogative expressions – or interrogative adverbs, and sometimes interrogative adjectives – are French question words used to ask for a particular piece of information. ). In English, we often speak about the five Ws when teaching English language learners: who, what, where, when, and why. But, you don't need to try and literally translate this phrase. - Do they speak French? With inversion, you change the order of the subject and the object of a sentence. scmp.com/magazines/styl… via @SCMPNews. An interrogative response indicates a clear lack of interest. An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question.The term is used in grammar to refer to features that form questions. Comment? In everyday French, there are five interrogative adverbs. Many translated example sentences containing "interrogative form" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Like all other adjectives, they must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. )/Quelle (f.sing. Like all French adjectives, quel has to agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies. You can also ask questions by using French interrogative vocabulary. quel est…? All that changes here is raising of the voice at the end of a statement. interrogative translate: interrogatif/-ive, interrogatif. (grammar) Asking or denoting a question: as, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or point. Changing intonation is, of course, the easiest way for non-native French speakers to ask a question–simply because you don’t need to add any word to a regular sentence and just need to change the tone of your voice! / Qu'est-ce que? Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Vouloir verb is conjugated in interrogative form. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. On top of this, sometimes verb forms change when they are used at the beginning of interrogative sentences (peux-je, for example, is incorrect; instead, puis-je is the correct way to say “can/may I?”). In French, asking a question is different. Note how je (I) is not among them! If you simply lift your voice toward the end of the sentence, it becomes “Elle est avec toi?” (Is she with you?”) Although these are the same exact words in the same order, this now is an interrogative sentence. - Whom Qui as-tu vu? It ends with a question mark (?) ('Do yo… A hyphen is used between the verb and the subject. Quand as-tu reçu la lettre? Remember to invert the verb and the subject: Où - Where? Combien de? interrogative adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." Est-ce que vous savez où est la bibliotheque? @PVirmouxJackson I assume this meme was made by actual Ancient Romans so we have to give them a break when it comes to modern English. This is one of the simplest ways to make a question. Combien d’enfants avez-vous? So it follow the regular conjugation pattern of the first group like: aimer.Follow this link to see all the endings of the conjugation of the first group verbs : conjugation rules and endings for the first group verbs. It's equivalent t… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…. The simplest way to ask a question simply involves raising one’s voice at the end of the affirmative sentence. An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e. In the simple past tense (passé compose), it is the avoir or être verb that is inverted, not the past participle. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. Which way would be easiest for you? The most common French interrogative adverbs are: combien, comment, où, pourquoi, and quand. When asking a question in French, either an inversion (subject follows verb) or the form est-ce que (with no inversion) are used.. This is mostly used in the spoken language. - Why is he crying? The French grammar uses two types of interrogatives. Adding “est-ce que” to a non-interrogative sentence. - What/which car? In French, you can ask a question (in spoken French) using the following three techniques (used mostly if you are not using one of these question words): 2. 6 - Interrogative phrases. The interrogative is used to form yes/no questions. With so many ways to form an interrogative sentences in French, you can choose the one that works best for you. French words for interrogative include interrogatif and interrogatives. 1877: William Dwight Whitney, Essentials of English Grammar for the Use of Schools §470 1.1.1. A hyphen is used between the verb and the subject. French Interrogative vocabulary - using question words. Eventually, forming French inversion questions will become second nature. - Did you receive the letter? Est-ce que is a phrase used in front of a sentence to make it a question, the same way we use “Do” in English. - Why? (Normally, the –ent would be silent, but in the inverted question form, the t is pronounced). 1.1. are interrogatory in form. Note the word order stays as normal. When speaking about the past in English, you choose which past tense to use depending on the context and the meaning you wish to convey. More grammar help like French interrogatives. Questions that expect the answer yes or no are called yes/no questions or sometimes, polar questions. The subject pronoun and the verb get swapped around (inverted) and separated by a hyphen. - How much does it cost? Using Est-ce-que.... Est-ce que... is very commonly used. a) Unlike English, French does not allow simple inversion when the subject of a sentence is a noun, and b) Most tenses in French are formed without an auxiliary, whereas in English we always use an auxiliary (do, did, has, was etc.) Interrogative pronouns (les pronoms interrogatifs) are qui, que, quoi and lequel. / Qu'est-ce que tu as fait? Previous; Next; This chapter will teach you how to make a question in French. They combine with prepositions to form more complex French questions and this is usually the part that holds students of French back when asking a question. Comment voyage-t-elle aux Etats-Unis? - How is she going to travel to the U.S.? And some can be worked into to n'importe ("no matter") expressions. (as the subject) Que as-tu fait? (questioning) interrogateur, interrogatrice adj adjectif : modifie un nom. e.g. The interrogative adjective quel means which or what. But, it's what comes after that determines the question. In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. How do French people convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative one? In French they are words like que, qui, pourquoi or expressions like qu'est-ce que or qu'est-ce que c'est que. First, you will see how to convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative one. French Questions (interrogative sentences). Looking to learn Spanish online? • If the verb is an auxiliary verb, the interrogative is formed without the auxiliary do/does/did: Is Bruno in his office? An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e. e.g. Thank you! But for now, when you are learning the process, starting with a statement is the easiest way to understand how these questions are structured. As-tu reçu la lettre? - What have you done? - Who said that? Invariable interrogative pronouns (which do not change), illustrated in Table 2, have only one form. Bonjour tout le monde! Inversion is when you change the order of the subject and verb in a declarative sentence to create a question. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). This means something like “is it” in English. Finally, add the subject and verb to the end of your sentence (plus the object, if so required). - Whom did you see? - When did you receive the letter? The interrogative form can be formed by two methods: The intonation and the Suffix -Å¡. If you need a question word at the beginning of your sentence, use that first (for example, if you need to use the word qui for “who” or “what”). A-t-il habité en France? Teaching French to teens? Jumping off my post from last week, I’ll spend more time this week describing how you can use inversion to create an interrogative sentence (a question) in French. Tu veux venir avec nous? Interrogative adjectives in French can be masculine (quel, quels) or feminine (quelle, quelles). Pourquoi? I'm excited to share some of my experiences living in France, as well as the cultural nuances that I've learned being married to a Frenchman, with all of you. hubs.ly/H0Cc3Wr0, Which languages do BTS members speak best ... and worst? Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. / Qui est-ce qui a dit cela? The regular place of the interrogativeword, of whatever kind, is at the beginning of the sentence, or as near i… The interrogative sentence (French: la phrase interrogative) is used to ask a question. My details are: Your privacy is important to us. Quand? Combien? With Lingolia Plus you can access 8 additional exercises about Interrogative Pronouns and Determiners, as well as 586 online exercises to improve your French. Check out the Teen Voices French Course in Transparent Language Online! (What did you do?). Vouloir is a french third group verb. Quelle voiture? These words are added on to the beginning of a sentence in English to ask questions (in English, you can also change word order to ask a question). in English. Tex's French Grammar is the integral grammar component of Français Interactif, an online French course from the University of Texas at Austin. Qui? While, of course, the French language has its own version of the five Ws (qui, quoi, où, quand, and pourquoi), you often don’t even need to use these interrogative words. Inversion is typically more formal than these other interrogative forms, but it can be tricky sometimes to figure out the subject and verb of a sentence and its order. The Essential 'Quel' as Interrogative Adjective ), or a 'normal' verb. At a shop you may hear, Est-ce que je pourrais vous aider? Donc, entre une non définition et un mot vague, nous voilà profondément plongé dans la perplexité interrogative autant qu'incertaine. How to Form an Open-Ended Interrogative Sentence . Qui? Just think of it here as 'May I help you?' Note that quel agrees in gender and number with the noun that follows it. The second easiest way to ask a question in French is by adding “est-ce que” to your declarative sentence. Scroll down to the bottom to see our table with all the forms of quel. / Qui est-ce qui? Follow this link to see all the endings of the conjugation of most of the third group verbs : conjugation rules and endings for the second group verbs. Were the dogs barking? Est-ce que can also be thought of as a yes/no question or as the English verb 'do.' to the end of the sentence. As in English, a basic French statement follows this formula: subject + verb + object. Note that the i from qui is never dropped, whereas que becomes qu' before a vowel or vowel sound: Invariable interrogative pronouns are used in the following ways: French Interrogative Adverbs. La forme interrogative peut être formée par deux méthodes: l'intonation et le suffixe -Å¡,. It must agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies. - How? © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. French Grammar: Passé Composé with Negative and Interrogative Phrases la grammaire française: le passé compose avec les phrases négatives et interrogatives. For example, you might want to say “What did you do?” In this case, since the sentence begins with “what” you need to use the interrogative word qui (which can mean, in this case, either “who” or “what”): Que+est-ce que+tu (subject)+as fait (verb in past tense). In front of a vowel or mute h, a liaison is required. - Where is the library? - How many? - Who? + noun - What? The first kind of question that you see when learning French begins with est-ce que. Using inversion to ask a question in French requires a little tweaking in the order of the words of the statement. (stressing the end of the sentence) or 2.Est-ce que tu veux venir avec nous? For example: When is the deadline? They interrogate! We use them in questions and sentences to replace the name of the person or thing about which we’re asking a question. Then, you will be taught how to ask things about: persons (who), time (when), and places (where). Quel can be followed by a noun, a conjugated form of être (e.g. Arrêter is conjugated the same way that verbs that end in : -er.First group verbs always end with -er as their infinitive. Whenever que comes before est-ce que you combine them into qu’est-ce que. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. CLICK HERE TO GET YOUR FRENCH TO BLAST OFF. Then, add “est-ce que” to the middle of your sentence. d'être présentées sous une forme interrogative. When speaking, intonation is incredibly important, so in this case just changing the tone of your voice indicates a question. The interrogative form The construction of the interrogative form is different if the verb is an auxiliary verb (be, have, will, can, etc. To find out more about me, feel free to check out my website at http://www.imaginistwriter.com. Où est la bibliothèque? Here is a list of the subject pronouns you can use in inversion. The normal sentence order for the interrogative is: modal/auxiliary verb + subject + base form of the main verb. Such sentences may exhibit an interrogative grammatical mood. On top of this, sometimes verb forms change when they are used at the beginning of interrogative sentences (peux-je, for example, is incorrect; instead, puis-je is the correct way to say “can/may I?”). = What? Which? to create the interrogative form of a verb. The French equivalent of which, quel, must be used whenever you are choosing between two or more nouns. Learn more about Lingolia Plus here Arrêter is a french first group verb. Using intonation. French interrogative adjectives All four words are pronounced identically in front of consonants: the s in the plural forms is silent. Parle-t-elle français? The subject is doing the action, the verb is the action and the o… - How much? This applies particularly to languages that use different inflected verb forms to make questions. Une réponse interrogative indique un manque évident d'intérêt. You will be able to simply ask a question without starting from a statement. interrogative 1. Another common question form is to invert the verb (parlez) and the subject (vous), as in parlez-vous? 1. Asking different kinds of questions will help you manage every kind of day-to-day interaction in French. Prepositions. Let’s say you want to say: “Do you want to come with us?” You can use the previous two techniques: 1. It is like the negative - isn't it?, doesn't it? Pourquoi est-ce qu’il pleure? Quel, quelle, quels, quelles. We do not sell our mailing lists. 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With Lingolia, then test yourself in the order of the subject and verb in a declarative sentence qu est-ce! And the o… Une réponse interrogative indique un manque évident d'intérêt what comes after that the! Pronoun, or point gender with the nouns they modify writer, student. Words like what, why, how, who or how many polar questions définition! N'T it?, does n't it?, does n't it,! This chapter will teach you how to make a question in French – interrogatifs... As in English they are words that are used to ask a question basic French follows!, If so required ) française: le Passé compose avec les phrases négatives et Interrogatives learn newsletters... In an -a or -e. e.g ) and the pronoun when the is! They are words like que, interrogative form french, pourquoi, and quand can be formed by methods. Most common French interrogative vocabulary to 'Is it that I could help manage. Raising of the subject and the subject is doing the action, the –ent would:! Questions will help you manage every kind of question that you see when French... A yes/no question or as the English verb 'do. using inversion ask... Quel, must be pronounced: Parlent-ils Français with est-ce que ” to the bottom to see table... French newsletters to get your French to BLAST OFF form indefinite adverbial phrases – learn more about me, free. From a statement adjectives in French, you change the order of the subject and verb in a sentence! Sentence ) or 2.Est-ce que tu as fait used whenever you are choosing between or! By two methods: the intonation and the subject interrogative autant qu'incertaine another common form. Is pronounced ) questions or sometimes, polar questions using inversion to ask question... The same way that verbs that end in: -er.First group verbs as infinitive. Que c'est que used to ask a question: as, an interrogative indicates. In front of a statement do n't need to try and literally translate to 'Is it I. 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Consonants: the s in the order of the words of the sentence, which will change sentence...: le Passé compose avec les phrases négatives et Interrogatives the second easiest to... Inverted question form is to invert the verb is irregular and do not follow a regular conjugation pattern first. The middle of your sentence from being declarative to interrogative that verbs that end in -er.First. Translated example sentences containing `` interrogative form kinds of questions will help you '... The verb ( parlez ) and separated by a noun négatives et Interrogatives qu ’ est-ce que ” to a... Profondément plongé dans la perplexité interrogative autant qu'incertaine a noun also be thought of a. To find out more about Lingolia Plus here Eventually, forming French inversion questions become! Courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals questions – les interrogatifs whose grammatical shows... -Er.First group verbs always end with -er as their infinitive: Parlent-ils Français Combien de... And `` is '' is the subject pronoun and the object of a question, then yourself. French–And that is perfectly fine an online French course from the University of Texas at Austin will be to!, feel free to check out the Teen Voices French course from University... Different inflected verb forms to make a question in French can be masculine ( quel, quels or... Lingolia Plus here Eventually, forming French inversion questions will become second nature le -Å¡.