This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood (C. sericea) all have opposite leaves. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. The pith of the twig is white. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. Terminal stems hol… Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Follow the sound into thickets and vine tangles and you’ll be rewarded by a somber gray bird with a black cap and bright rusty feathers under the tail. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Most park rangers are more than hap… Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. All should be planted as early in the spring as possible. Older bark lower on the lower stems can be rough and scaly. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; average moisture; open woods, woodland edges, savannas, fields, thickets, roadsides. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. ... gray dogwood. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Your Name: As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern Canada. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. And the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice color contrast to the gray bark. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) dusky purplish red in fall. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Blooms for 7–10 days in late May or early June, with small, creamy white flowers arranged in flat panicles. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Rough-leaved Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. By the second year the bark has turned a dull but smooth brownish gray. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Pine counties. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. Pollinator photos courtesy Heather Holm. Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. It grows 10-15' tall and features white flowers borne in terminal racemes (hence the species name of racemosa) in late spring and grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves (2-4\" long). Aug 26, 2013 - Arborday.org Tree Nursery. A sequence of historical aerial photos can be helpful in confirming or refuting the belief … Leaf and flower blight. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Tiny raised area within a leaf scar, formed from the broken end of a vascular bundle. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. several of these bushes are growing to the north of Battle Creek Middle School, across the large field from the school. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. Dome shaped clusters, 1½ to 2½ inches broad and about as high, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. Gray dogwood blooms in late spring to early summer.The scientific name, Swida racemosa, is frequently used To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Its flowers, leaves and fruit may appear similar to Red-osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea), but the bark of that species, at least in part, is a deep red year round and leaves have 5 or 6 veins per side. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. The spreading root system readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies. grey osier dogwood. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Dogwood Identification. Thanks for your understanding. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Common Name: gray dogwood Scientific Name: Family: Cornaceae Genus: Cornus Species: racemosa Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 10 to 15 ft Width: 10 to 15 ft Description: The gray dogwood is used extensively as a landscape shrub in Minnesota. Other common names: Grey Dogwood. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Gray dogwood is a shrub with stiff, upright, irregular branches and is often thicket-forming; it is sometimes a small tree. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. This shrub is tolerant of drier conditions and shade. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. Where in Minnesota? Cornus racemosa, gray dogwood, is a native deciduous multi-stemmed shrub to small tree.There are several species of dogwood in NJ. This tree can be trained (as any good dog can be!) Flat clusters of […] As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. 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